Mahendra pratap choudhary associate professor, department of civil engineering, university. Unesco eolss sample chapters water resources management vol. Pdf the subject of environmental economics is at the forefront of the green debate. Government control of the marketplace is fragile and subject to the whim of fickle voting trends and manipulative propagand. In this paper, i describe the national and global causes and consequences of environmental degradation and social injustice. Environmental degradation increases the vulnerability of the societies it affects and contributes to the scarcity of resources.
Causes and consequences of air pollution and environmental. The effects of environmental degradation vary based on the causes of destruction, level of damage and for how long the problem has persisted. The main reasons responsible for environmental degradation are as follows. What are causes and effects of environmental degradation. Environmental pollution has its own causes, effects and solutions. This process can be entirely natural in origin, or it can be accelerated. Environmental degradation what you need to know and its. Environmental degradation is a serious problem to humanity. The aral sea, formerly one of the largest inland seas in the world, has become a symbol of what can go wrong when transboundary water is mismanaged. Environmental degradation has a harmful effect to human beings. Thus, arthur and jeanette conacher defined land degradation as alterations to all aspects of the biophysical environment by human actions to the.
Let us check what environmental degradation is, its causes and effects. Deforestation is the clearing of trees without the intent of replacing them or reestablishing a stand of trees. Mother nature the natural environment, with all its ecosystem services, comprises the entire basis for life on the planet. Dramatic environmental degradation has occurred, with consequences for the 3. Pdf our environment is deteriorating for the last two centuries and almost every part of the planet has been touched by it in one way or the. Causes and health consequences of environmental degradation. Evaluate the existing economic policies designed to reduce poverty. There are many examples of environmental degradation throughout the world. The degradation has adverse impacts on humans, plants, animals.
Conventional causes and environmental consequences what is soil degradation and why should you care about it. Environmental pollution is any discharge of material or energy into water, land, or air that causes or may cause acute shortterm or chronic longterm detriment to the earths ecological balance or that lowers the quality of life. Causes and effects of environmental degradation conserve. Control and limit human population, this is the major source of environmental degradation. Causes and effects twoday international conference on materials for energy and environmental protection 7 page icmeep18 ii. Climate change, environmental degradation, and migration. Effects focus on atmosphere, human health and nature.
Environmental degradation an overview sciencedirect topics. In this paper, i describe the national and global causes and consequences of environmental degradation. A complex nexus mostafa mahmud naser abstract the individual or combined effects of climate change are likely to trigger mass human movement both within and across international borders. According to world bank experts, between 1995 through 2010. The destruction of environments and the eradication of wildlife.
What are some solutions to environmental degradation. Use only renewable and sustainable products, materials and energy. Environmental reform is a constituent element in the main reform aspects such as political reform, economic reform, social and cultural reform. What is environmental degradation, causes and effects. Explore the determinants of environmental degradation im ghana. The main outcome of land degradation is a substantial reduction in the productivity of land. When natural habitats are destroyed or natural resources are depleted, the environment is degraded. There are multiple ways in which environmental degradation takes place. Most importantly, the environmental consequences of tobacco consumption move it from being an.
Environmental pollution refers to the degradation of quality and quantity of natural resources. Pollution is unquestionably one of the primary reasons. Causes and impacts of land degradation and desertification. Environmental degradation is the disintegration of the earth or. Environmental degradation is a process through which the natural environment is compromised in some way, reducing biological diversity and the general health of the environment. Almost all physical, chemical, biological and other activities are responsible for environmental degradation. Boahene african society for environmental management, po box 2205, 3500 ge utrecht, the netherlands.
As the human population keeps on enlarging, there is a lot of pressure on the utilization of natural resources. One of the greatest challenges facing humanity is environmental degradation, including deforestation, desertification, pollution, and climate change an issue of increasing concern for the international community. Some aquifers require a very long time to recharge and thus the process of over drafting can have consequences of effectively drying up certain subsurface water supplies. This study investigated the socioeconomic factors and causes of land degradation e. Water pollution contaminates drinking water, air pollution pollutes the air we breathe and poses a health risk, while. In the following, the types, causes, effects and solutions for environmental degradation are examined.
While the impacts of industrial activity on the natural environment are a major concern in developed countries, much less is known about these impacts in developing countries. Causes and consequences of desertification in kuwait. Now is the time to fight environmental degradation. Pollution introduces contaminants into the environment that can m aim o r even kill plant and animal species. In the end, it is the plant, animal species and human life that depend on the environment, which suffer the consequences of degradation. Thus this assumed reform plan cannot be complete without the inclusion of environmental issues because environmental. Causes and consequences of air pollution and environmental injustice as critical issues for science and environmental education, the impact of air pollution on health, economy, environment and agricultural sources, mohamed k. By the time the biome is divided, the vast patches of living space. The modern technological progress is actually the root cause of the environmental deterioration. Environmental degradation by neha patil muthu gomathy v 2. Presentation on environmental degradation s y b com presented by veenith soman shreyas dani vijay choughule vipul kale submitted to mrs.
Land degradation is a natural and socioeconomic causeeffect phenomenon that is widespread all over the world. Both poverty and environmental degradation have been increasing in many developing countries, hence there is a pressing need first to evaluate and analyze the povertyenvironmental degradation nexus, and second, to prescribe policy options to mitigate or eradicate these two problems. If we continue our consumption and daily life behavior like we did it for the last decades, future generations will suffer from enormous adverse consequences. The pressure of population on land has increased at a high speed.
Environmental degradation is the deterioration of the environment through depletion of resources such as air, water and soil. Efforts to counteract this problem include environmental protection and environmental resources management. Effects of environmental degradation custom writing service. Learn more about the causes and outcomes of environmental degradation in this article. Environmental pollution, types, causes, impact and. This often causes overexploitation of the natural resources, and contributes to environmental erosion. In kuwait, very severe desertification prevails, due to increasing formation of new active sandy bodies, deterioration of many areas of natural vegetation cover to less than 10%, and limited water resources for largescale. Environment degradation, consequences, pollution and climate.
Millions of people are known to have died of due to indirect effects of air pollution. Instead, drawing particularly on unrisd work, it focuses largely on the social impacts of and responses to environmental degradation in rural areas of the third world. Osd principal, department of commerce, delhi college of arts and commerce, netaji nagar, university of delhi, delhi110023, india. Causes include overpopulation, air and water pollution, deforestation, global. Desertification in kuwait is a process of environmental degradation under fragile ecological conditions and intensive human activities and the consequences of gulf war. History, nature, causes, consequences, and solutions conacher, arthur encyclopedia of life support systems eolss above. Some species of environmental life require substantial areas to help provide food, living space and other different assets. Learn reasons for deforestation and discover the consequences of this process in all. Looking into these will help you identify the causes and what steps you can take to mitigate those effects. Michelsen institute t he environmental refugee has appeared in the literature on environment and security, and with it the refugee as both a cause and victim of. One of the main causes of environmental degradation is population explosion or rapid growth of population.
Causes and health consequences of environmental degradation and social injustice. Desertification has been defined as land degradation in arid, semiarid, and dry subhumid areas resulting from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities11. The main causes identified for depletion of resources are. To find out the causes for environmental degradation in india 2. Environmental degradation has been cited as one of four root causes of refugee flows, together with political instability economic tensions and ethnic conflict unhcr 1993. This agricultural problem could detrimentally impact our food and water supplies as well as the general sustenance of life. Elaborate on steps taken to reduce environmental degradation in ghana. Environmental degradation is the disintegration of the earth or deterioration of the environment through consumption of assets, like, air, water and soil.1527 1255 1272 734 155 112 742 1019 470 1504 1300 1437 1110 548 941 939 1581 400 352 743 1473 1391 330 1102 26 397 924 280 765 1346 890 1099 948 9 587 736 1073 92 905 105