A platform to automatically generate and incorporate. The ontology based approach is to produce a schema from the legacy system to descri be the context of the software system or in terms of the domain specific concepts. Abstract we have designed a method by using which one can analyse the requirement document of the software. Ontology driven architectures and potential uses of the semantic web in systems and software engineering. Tyree in this paper we propose an approach to software development that focuses on architecture decisions and involves the use of ontology. It is intended to capture and convey the significant architectural decisions which have been made on the system. Radicioni1 and marcello frixione2 1dipartimento di informatica, universit a di torino, torino, italy 2dafist, universit a di genova, genova, italy 3icarcnr, palermo, italy fantonio. Ontology based data management 3 data is widespread into separate pieces of documentation that are often di cult to access and rarely conforming to common standards. An ontologybased enterprise architecture sciencedirect. An ontologybased approach for software architecture.
Ontologybased software architecture documentation vrije. An extensible, ontologybased, distributed information system. The research paper published by ijser journal is about requirements analysis based on ontology techniques. An ongoing research project at the tokyo institute of technology is looking at supporting softwarerequirements elicitation and composing software from reusable architectures, frameworks, components and software packages. Ontology based data integration involves the use of ontology s to effectively combine data or information from multiple heterogeneous sources. Improving access to software architecture knowledge an ontology. Architectural knowledge needed by diverse document users was acquired and modeled. In this group, we consider ontologybased documentation approaches that implement a basic software ontology and semantic wiki tools, thus to address the limitations of filebased documentation for. This document provides a comprehensive architectural overview of the system, using a number of different architectural views to depict different aspects of the system.
We have evaluated this ontologybased approach in a controlled industry experiment involving software professionals. We also look at techniques where ontologies support coding and code documentation. Citeseerx document details isaac councill, lee giles, pradeep teregowda. A domainspecific ontology for it benchmarking has been developed to bridge the gap between a systematic characterization of it services and their databased valuation. The inference module based on jena api provides an ontologybased search or inference mechanism for the most this study. Pdf ontologybased software architecture documentation.
The client software application, simantics workbench, is built on the eclipse platform, and contains all the graphical tools for modelling, visualisation, and other operations. The thesis consists of an experiment of applying a generic software tool to a speci. Software architecture, architectural knowledge management, architectural design. The approach was applied to construct a useful ontology in industry. An ontologybased approach for software architecture recommendations full paper manoj bhat. Software engineering ontology for software engineering knowledge management in multisite software development environment. In this paper we develop an ontology based approach to manage ak in order to partly mitigate the deficiencies of existing ak approaches in a distributed software devotement. In this section, we deal with the knowledge representation, namely, development of an ontology based on the usdsp template built in sec.
Abstracta common approach to software architecture documentation in industry projects is the use of filebased documents. The simulation functionality of simantics platform is in plugins. A common approach to software architecture documentation in industry projects is the use of filebased documents. In this approach the architecture is captured by an instance of an ontology. An ontologybased approach for software architectural. We propose an ontology engineering approach for use in software projects. Ontologybased architecture documentation approac h. Ontologybased software architecture documentation abstract. We will provide a highlevel overview of the philosophy and design of xda with emphasis on ontology support, followed by a description of some concrete problem domains with associated ontologybased. Software architecture document for the software architecture. Regarding software maintenance, kc02 expects that \50% of a programmers time is spent trying to understand existing code.
An exploratory study on ontology engineering for software. This approach offers a singledimensional perspective on the architectural. Ontologybased software engineering how is ontologybased. The ontology and the corresponding mappings to the data sources provide a common ground for the documentation of all the data in the organisation, with obvious ad.
We may define an architecture for the whole of an enterprise of for some portion thereof. More simply, an ontology is a way of showing the properties of a subject area and how they are related, by defining a set of concepts and. The ontologybased business architecture engineering framework. One of the most important, the integrated shared care health record is illustrated in the figure below. Few ontology engineering approaches for software architecture documentation exist. The models will be humanreadable in different ways to inform nhs gis implementers, and it will be possible to also use them to generate the necessary template databases and even to develop intelligent health gis solutions using software agents for running the modelled applications. The enterprise architecture ontology is composed of ontology for business terms, ontology for enterprise architecture components and ontology for relationships of the components. Ontology engineering aims to make explicit the knowledge contained in software applications, and organizational procedures for a particular domain. A dual process architecture for ontologybased systems. Nevertheless, documentation becomes more and more important. Rodrigues software development technologies lab center for information technology renato archer campinas, sp, brazil abstract every software has an architecture, but in most cases it is poorly documented. At the beginning of this year structured dynamics assembled a listing of ontology building tools at the request of a client. Citeseerx ontologybased software architecture documentation. Applications of ontologies in software engineering 5 time usage of ontologies in applications.
The stakeholders of a software system are, to a greater or lesser extent, concerned about its software architecture, as an essential artifact for capturing the key design decisions of the system. Ontologybased information management in design processes. Ontologybased software architecture documentation ieee xplore. Ontologybased information management in design processes 5 documentation of organizational context. It is one of the multiple data integration approaches and may be classified as globalasview gav. The problem of interest to us is how to design such structure, with a particular approach in. The documentation serves the purpose of providing a clear understanding of ontologys technology and ecosystem. A srs document has been developed with a standard template of the srs document.
Several documentation methods for architectural knowledge have been proposed in the literature. The use cases referred to should contain central functionality, many architectural elements or specific delicate parts of the architecture. The term ontology has become popular in several fields of informatics like artificial intelligence, agent systems, database or web technology. Ontologybased data integration between clinical and. Semantic modeldriven architecting of servicebased software. Content ontology design patterns qualities, methods, and tools. A software redocumentation process using ontology based approach in software maintenance sugumaran nallusamy, suhaimi ibrahim, and mohd nazri mahrin. Ontology based information management in design processes 5 documentation of organizational context. The relevant techniques are developed through the use of. With ontologybased software engineering, the software engineering terms can be parsed. Archimind is a semantic wiki for software architecture sa documentation. Software engineering ontology for software engineering. A common approach to software architecture documentation in industry projects is the use of file based documents.
The architecture is normally documented in the software architecture document sad, which tends to be a large and complex technical description, and does not always address the information needs of. Improving access to software architecture knowledge an. Now, again because of some client and internal work, we have researched the space again and updated the listing. The documentation generation platform implementsa twostep process. Ontology based dataextraction system alan wessman department of computer science master of science extraction of information from semistructured or unstructured documents, such as web pages, is a useful yet complex task. Improving access to software architecture knowledge an ontology based search approach adriana maria figueiredo, julio c. Ontologybased software architecture documentation klaas. Ontologybased data integration involves the use of ontologys to effectively combine data or information from multiple heterogeneous sources. We choose the frame diagram because it is based on a closedworld assumption where everything is prohibited.
The nist health it program will help improve the quality and availability of healthcare and reduce healthcare costs by enabling the establishment of an emerging health it network that is correct, complete, secure, usable, and testable. It also produces a software prototype with appropriate documentation. Ontology driven architectures and potential uses of the. The storage module is a repository that stores the metadata files and ontologies. Keywordssoftware architecture documentation, software ar. Semantic metadata and the ontology are loaded into the inference engine.
Since information is generally collected during a benchmark exercise using questionnaires on a broad range of topics, such as employee costs, software licensing costs, and quantities of hardware, it is commonly stored as. Knowledge retrieval from filebased architecture documentation is efficient if the perspective. Ontology for semantic data integration in the domain of it. Ontologybased software test case generation funded by. Software engineering ontology typically provides software engineering concepts what they are, how they are related, and. Improving access to software architecture knowledge an ontologybased search approach adriana maria figueiredo, julio c. In this chapter we in vestigate how an on tology can be used for retrieving ak from. The ontologybased enterprise architecture is modeled in three levels as shown in fig. Using ontology to support development of software architectures.
This documentation is an entry to the ontology ecosystem for new ontology developers, as well as experienced ones. The structure and content for an architectural description is given insection three of this paper. In this approach the architecture is captured by an. The tool in the application is to support software process improvement work after assessment. To represent the knowledge base we have chosen ontology techniques. Ontologybased architecture to support software process. Ontology based software development techniques by motoshi saeki an ongoing research project at the tokyo institute of technology is looking at supporting software requirements elicitation and composing software from reusable architectures, frameworks, components and software packages.
That listing was presented as the sweet compendium of ontology building tools. There are two popular ontology development diagramsweb ontology language owl and frame. A dual process architecture for ontologybased systems antonio lieto1. Ontology engineering offers a direction for overcoming semantic obstacles, such as those related to the definitions of business terms and software classes. In this paper we develop an ontologybased approach to manage ak in order to partly mitigate the deficiencies of existing ak approaches in a distributed software devotement. This approach offers a singledimensional perspective on the architectural knowledge contained. System architecture of the ontologybased application server. An ontology for reusable and executable decision templates. Ontologybased software engineering how is ontology. The architecture of the business processes bp of an enterprise is defined as the type of processes it contains and the relationships among them. Ontologybased data management 3 data is widespread into separate pieces of documentation that are often di cult to access and rarely conforming to common standards.
A software component populates an sql template with information stored in the ontologies. Each subsection of section three describes the form and content of a section of an architecture document. An extensible, ontologybased, distributed information. With ontology based software engineering, the software engineering terms can be parsed with software engineering ontology concepts and can recall the necessary details and relevant information. From the process objects associated with the respective resources, the user can gain information about the organizational context i. Ultimately any software and information architecture only provides utility when deployed. The example that we will use to illustrate the modelling and. The effectiveness of ontology based data integration is closely tied to the consistency and expressivity of the ontology used in the integration process.
Ontology driven software development for automated documentation. It generates an sql statement for each mapping node in the mapping ontology. In this paper, we propose a recommendation system that automatically annotates architectural elements in software architecture documents. Research has demonstrated that ontologies may be used to achieve a high degree of accuracy in data extraction while maintaining. Ontologybased software engineering how is ontologybased software engineering. Plugins are external computational tools, such as solvers and other analysis software applications. Until recently work on accepted practices in systems and software engineering sse has appeared somewhat disjointed from that breaking ground in the area of formal information representation on the world wide web commonly referred to as the semantic web initiative.
In computer science and information science, an ontology encompasses a representation, formal naming and definition of the categories, properties and relations between the concepts, data and entities that substantiate one, many or all domains of discourse. This paper presents a novel approach for the ontologybased integration of heterogeneous medical data between clinical and research databases. Listing of 185 ontology building tools ai3adaptive. Flexible software architectures for ontologybased information systems michael wessel. Architecture or xda that addresses many of the problems associated with the construction of complex distributed information systems. The ontology based enterprise architecture is modeled in three levels as shown in fig. The platforms highlevel architecture is illustrated in. An ontologybased approach for modelling architectural styles. Ontologybased data integration between clinical and research. Ontologybased software architecture documentation ieee.
Nov 21, 2011 the ontology based business architecture engineering framework. Requirements pattern software specification ontology. In proceedings of the 10th international conference on intelligent software methodologies, tools and techniques somet, september 2830, 2011, saintpetersburg, russia. During the process of architecture documentation, providing relevant. The architecture of openehr is designed to support the construction of a number of types of system. An ontologybased approach for sa recommendations twentythird americas conference on information systems, boston, 2017 1 an ontologybased approach for software architecture recommendations full paper manoj bhat technische universitat munchen manoj. It is mapping between software requirement specification and the knowledge base. Ontologybased dataextraction system alan wessman department of computer science master of science extraction of information from semistructured or unstructured documents, such as web pages, is a useful yet complex task. The ontology community and ontology core team maintain the documentation we welcome you to help us with this. A template for documenting software and firmware architectures. A software redocumentation process using ontology based. We will provide a highlevel overview of the philosophy and design of xda with emphasis on ontology support, followed by a description of some concrete problem domains with associated ontology based.1297 1128 410 1582 1006 393 1629 1368 870 205 1429 1649 557 41 1452 723 979 174 1133 17 543 1020 1619 806 1452 1558 1417 1486 1558 850 1561 1362 1147 1048 962 853 540 1354 449 715 991 654